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Consulting services for Selection of Consulting Service for Skills Measurement Survey

Country Cambodia
Period of Contract 2021-07-26 To 2022-02-26
Name of Client Technical Vocational Education and Training Sector Development Project (TVETSDP)
Address of Client TVETSDP, Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training Building # 3, Russian Federation Blvd, Toek Laak I, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Donors Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Contract Value 280000.00 USD
Name of associated organizations IDRG Consultancy Services LTD ( India)

The Technical and Vocational Education and Training Sector Development Project (TVETSDP) was approved by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 26 September 2014 for $UD30 million equivalent. The TVETSDP, which became effective on 9 January 2015, comprised USD7 million policy-based loan (Loan 3166) and USD 23 million project loan (Loan 3167). The TVETSDP Additional Financing from Agence Française de Développement (AFD) was approved by ADB on 29 February 2016 in the amount of $15 million equivalent at the approval and was declared effective on 25 July 2016. The project is complemented by $4.3 million from the Government of Cambodia, and therefore total TVETSDP value is $49.3 million. The project closing date will be 31 December 2021.

TVETSDP and its Additional Financing (the Project) supports the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) to address equity and quality issues facing the technical vocational education and training (TVET) system through:

  1. increased access to TVET programs, particularly for women and the poor,
  2. improved quality and relevance of the TVET system,
  3. increased involvement of Employers in TVET delivery, and
  4. strengthened governance and management of TVET system.

The purpose of the skills measurement survey is to better understand the interplay between skills of the graduates on one hand and their employability and productively on the other. The survey will employ survey instruments tailored to collect high quality data on the TVET skills required at the Vocational Certificate (CQF Level 1), and at C1, C2 and C3 levels (CQF levels 2, 3 and 4) as well as the competencies of the graduates of CQF levels 1 – 4, to identify the mismatch between the demand and supply of skilled labour, and give recommendations on addressing this mismatch, and to evaluate the project performance on access, quality, and relevance of the training programs (students and instructor) and assessment and certification system.

The objective of this survey is to be achieved by interviewing CQF level 1 through 4 graduates already employed as well as their employers and analyze the collected data in order to identify the mismatch of skills of the graduates and the skills required by the industries. It will provide policy-relevant data to enable a better understanding of skill requirements in the labor market, backward linkages between skills acquisition and educational achievement, personality, and social background, and forward linkages between skills acquisition and living standards, reductions in inequality and poverty, social inclusion, and economic growth.

The survey will focus on CQF level 1 through 4 graduates in the four selected priority sectors such as manufacturing, automotive, electrical and construction sectors between academic year 2017-2018, 2018-209 and 2019-2020 from the selected public TVET institutions and who are working in industries/priority sectors. This consultancy aims to:

  1. Undertake desk review of the implementation of competency-based training (CBT) implementation and selected relevant ASEAN countries as well as the current and projected future needs of the labor market of Cambodia and neighbouring ASEAN countries, which are most likely to affect the employability, productivity and mobility of the Cambodia labour force;
  2. Obtain policy-relevant data from the Government’s rectangular strategy, industrial policy, TVET policies and strategies that will provide a better understanding of the skills requirements of the Cambodian labour market;
  3. Understand the influences of educational achievement, personality, and social background (backward linkages) on the student’s skills acquisition and the potential effect of such skills acquisition on living standards, reductions in inequality and poverty, social inclusion, and economic growth (forward linkages);
  4. Collect relevant statistics, through tracer studies of graduates of the four priority sectors, focused group discussions and/or interviews with graduates, senior management of DGTVET/public TVET institutions, employers, policy makers and other stakeholders, and undertake a diagnostic analysis to determine the mismatch between the TVET skills required for CQF Levels 1 – 4 and the “skills set” acquired by the graduates in the 4 defined priority sectors. The public training institutes are 4 polytechnic institutions hosting the CoEs, 5 regional training institutions, Banteay Meanchey PTC, JVC, Kampong Cham PTC, Kampong Speu PTC, Kandal PTC, Kratie PTC, Koh Kong PTC and Pursat PTC;
  5. Submit appropriate recommendations with regard to the implementation of the CBT and the competency-based assessment and certification system (CBACS) of Cambodia, teaching-learning methodologies, and workforce development policies for the present and immediate future with reference to the currently offered TVET programs of CQF levels 1-4 in the four priority sectors.

Specific method and approaches:

  • The skills measurement is a mix study method for both qualitative and quantitative research. The qualitative is conducting 55 Focus Group Discussion, 75 Key Informant Interview; the quantitative Survey is to conduct 1275 Graduates Skills Trainers Survey, 372 Companies for Industrial Survey.
  • The report is mix of primary and secondary data with both English and Khmer.
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